The Meatwave

Grilled Lobster with Lemon-Shallot Butter

Grilled Lobster with Lemon-Shallot Butter View Recipe

For all the meat I've gone through over the years, I've yet to ever kill what I eat. The idea doesn't bother me, but I'm a city boy and hunting isn't some dream I feel like I need to fulfill. Not being much of seafood guy either, I've never even experienced probably the easiest of kills to deal with—lobster. That was until last summer when Serious Eats was in the midst of some intense lobster coverage and I decided I wanted in on the action to try my hand at grilling these tasty crustaceans. So I dropped a line to my editor, and before I knew it, a package of lobsters shipped direct from Maine the day before was waiting at my doorstep.

Grilled Lobster

If you've never had a live animal delivered by FedEx, I highly recommend it. I was a giddy to find that package waiting for me when I returned from work, and promptly brought upstairs and unpacked it to find four two-pound Maine lobsters crawling around in a paper bag on a bed of seaweed. Ideally I would have gone to my fishmonger and gotten the lobsters the day I was going to eat them, but since they were provided to me and I had a day or two until I was able to grill them, I moved that entire bag into my refrigerator to keep the lobsters alive for the freshest meat.

Grilled Lobster

When the day came to cook my new friends that had taken up residence in the crisper drawers, I opted to steam them first. It's perfectly fine to split a lobster and throw it on the grill—a quick cut through the head is actually the fastest, and arguably, most humane way to kill a lobster. Since I was bringing these to someone else's house to grill though, I thought it would be a little nicer to have them dead on arrival.

Steaming or boiling isn't really much crueler to the creature than splitting it—the lobster's brain stops functioning pretty quickly when steamed or boiled. So to me, steaming seemed like the best solution since it would both kill the lobster quickly and also set the meat without cooking it through. This last point was important since I wanted most of the cooking to be done on the grill.

Grilled Lobster

One by one, I steamed off each lobster for two minutes only. Then, as each was finished, I immediately moved them to an ice bath to stop the cooking and ensure the meat was only set, but not yet really cooked.

Grilled Lobster

The lobsters were then thrown in a cooler and these four fine fellows made their last journey of a well-traveled life riding the rails from Astoria, Queens to Jersey City, New Jersey. Once at their final destination, and with the grill preheated, it was time to split them open.

Being a first-time lobster cook, I removed the green tomalley that just looked unsavory to me. As I scooped out that unsightly mess, the host of the party looked on in dismay as I was apparently trashing his prized piece—to each his own, I guess.

Grilled Lobster

I then removed the claws—I wanted to grill them separately since they wouldn't cook at exactly the same rate as the rest of the meat—and the split lobsters were brushed with a lemon-shallot butter and placed over direct heat, cut side down. When the meat started to turn opaque, the lobsters were flipped and kept cooking until they registered 135°F on an instant read thermometer. Once done, the lobsters were transferred to a serving tray and I placed their claws on the fire and let them roast until finished. Four two pound lobsters took just over ten minutes from beginning to end on the grill.

Grilled Lobster

The lobsters were then set out for the guest and served with the remaining lemon-shallot butter. I thought these tasted fantastic—the meat was tender and sweet, and with an extra brushing of lemon-shallot butter, they had a nice brightness and richness that accentuated the natural flavor of the lobster. Keeping in mind that I'm not much of a seafood eater, I was looking for validation from those more experienced in the art of knowing a fine lobster from a bad one. I found it in one compliment after another that confirmed that these tasted as fresh as can be. So even through mail from Maine, to a day in the fridge, and a trip to Jersey, these lobsters delivered, and I learned one more food that the grill seemed to only make better.

Print Recipe

Grilled Lobster with Lemon-Shallot Butter

  • Yield 4 servings
  • Prep 25 Minutes
  • Cook 15 Minutes
  • Total 40 Minutes


  • For the Lemon Shallot Butter
  • 1/2 cup clarified butter, divided
  • 2 tablespoons finely diced shallots (about 1 small)
  • 1/2 teaspoon zest and 1 tablespoon juice from 1 lemon
  • 1 tablespoon finely chopped chives
  • 4 live lobsters, about 1 1/2 pounds each
  • 1 tablespoon Kosher salt, plus more to taste
  • Freshly ground black pepper, to taste


  1. To make the lemon-shallot butter: Heat 2 tablespoons of butter in a small saucepan over medium heat until foaming subsides. Stir in shallots and cook until softened but not browned, about 4 minutes. Stir in remaining butter, lemon juice, and lemon zest and cook until butter is melted and warm throughout, about 3 minutes. Remove from heat and stir chives. Season with salt and pepper to taste.
  2. Fill a large bowl with ice water, set aside. Fill large stockpot with 2 inches of cold water and bring to a boil over high heat. Add 1 tablespoon of salt to boiling water and place steamer insert into pot. Place 1 lobster in steamer, cover, and steam for 2 minutes. Transfer lobster to bowl with ice water. Repeat with remaining lobsters.
  3. Light one chimney full of charcoal. When all charcoal is lit and covered with gray ash, pour out and spread the coals evenly over entire surface of coal grate. Set cooking grate in place, cover grill and allow to preheat for 5 minutes. Clean and oil the grilling grate. Break off claws from lobsters and split lobster bodies in half lengthwise, removing green tomalley if desired. Brush lobster flesh with lemon-shallot butter and place on grill, flesh side down, and grill for 2 to 3 minutes. Flip lobsters flesh side up and continue grilling until meat registers 135°F on an instant read thermometer, about 3 minutes more. Transfer lobsters to a serving tray and brush again with lemon-shallot butter. Place claws on grill, cover, and cook until meat registers 135°F on an instant read thermometer, 5 to 7 minutes. Transfer to tray with lobster bodies and serve immediately with remaining lemon-shallot butter.

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  1. David Somerville Josh,

    Awesome looking lobsters! I would have pitched the green stuff as well!!

  2. Fritz What is the purpose of salting the water for steaming ? Salt stays in the water doesn't it? Isn't that's how it's harvested? Let the water evaporate and what's left is salt.

  3. Josh @Fritz I haven't done side-by-side comparisons of salted vs. unsalted water, but the idea is salted water will result in a more briny/sea water flavor.

  4. Chris " Since I was bringing these to someone else's house to grill though, I thought it would be a little nicer to have them dead on arrival."

    Best line ever for a food blog!