Chinese Char Siu Spare Ribs
It's very likely my first pork rib was at a Chinese restaurant. Growing up in the suburbs of D.C., barbecue was not prolific, but Chinese restaurants were, and boy did my family love going to them. A dinner out for Chinese meant one thing to me back then—pu pu platter. In a love for all things appetizers, which still persists today, the pu pu platter was like mecca. I got to have it all—beef skewers, fried wontons, egg rolls, and, of course, spare ribs. I became aquatinted with these sweet and sticky, sometimes tough, spare ribs at a young age, and my fondness for them has yet to cease. It only made sense that I learn to cook them myself so I could have great Chinese spare ribs all the time, especially since I'm stuck in the weird bad-Chinese-food vortex for Astoria, Queens, in a city otherwise known for excellent Chinese.
I've actually been working on this recipe for a while. It was one of the earlier things I tried to cook when I started grilling, but ended up with overly tough, dry, and somewhat bland ribs. Over the years though, experience with grilling techniques and building recipes has led me to correct all the wrongs and end up with a killer Chinese ribs—which start as individual bones of a St. Louis cut rack of spares.
The distinct sweet and earthy flavoring comes from char siu sauce. You can say char siu is kind of the Chinese equivalent of barbecue sauce—it's used extensively in meats that are grilled or roasted. It's a mixture of hoisin, honey, soy sauce, sherry, and five spice powder, which combine to form a sauce that has a robust layered flavor that's sweet, tangy, and earthy, which are all also familiar notes in a standard American barbecue sauce, albeit with a different overall profile.
In this latest version of my recipe, I made a change and removed the five spice powder from the sauce itself and instead used it as a rub for the ribs before the introduction of the marinade. I picked this up from Kenji at Serious Eats, and it seemed to make sense since five spice powder is just a mixture of spices like any rub—it's made up of cinnamon, fennel, star anise, cloves, and Sichuan peppercorns. Divorcing the five-spice from the sauce also meant that each rib would get a larger portion of those spices, resulting in a more flavorful rib overall, and I'm all for more flavor.
After applying the rub, I tossed the ribs into a Ziploc bag, poured in the char siu sauce, sealed it up, and placed it in the fridge. The longer you let these marinate, the better they'll be. I've gotten great results going overnight to a full day, but you can let them soak up to three days if you want.
Grilling these ribs goes against a lot of what I learned in making barbecue—you want to go as low and slow as possible with spares. Rather than smoking these at the usual 225°F I would normally, I roasted them over indirect heat at a fire running around 350°F. Conventional wisdom would tell us that cooking them hotter and faster won't allow enough time for the fat and connective tissue to breakdown for maximum tenderness. That's totally right, but Chinese spare ribs are chewier and tougher than barbecue ribs, so it goes with the territory, and that's not a bad thing.
Right out of the bag, the ribs looked a bit pale, but as they cooked, they developed that characteristic earthy red hue. I cooked mine for an hour over indirect heat, brushing them with reserved char siu sauce halfway through. By this time, the ribs were done cooking, but I brushed them with the char siu once again and moved them over direct heat to caramelize the sauce and develop some attractive spotty char.
When all was said and done, these were pretty textbook Chinese spare ribs. They had the reddish appearance with bits of char here and there. The meat took a slight effort to pull from the bone, but was totally manageable and wouldn't be considered dry or tough by any means. Most of all though, the ribs had that great sweet char siu flavor, creating an intersection of sweet and savory that works so well and has kept Chinese spare ribs on my list of favorite foods for as long as I can remember.
Chinese Char Siu Spare Ribs
- Yield 4-6 servings
- Prep 10 Minutes
- Inactive 8 Hours
- Cook 1 Hour 10 Minutes
- Total 9 Hours 20 Minutes
- 1 tablespoon Chinese five-spice powder
- 1/3 cup hoisin sauce
- 1/4 cup honey
- 1/4 cup soy sauce
- 3 tablespoons dry sherry
- 1 rack St. Louis-style spareribs, cut into individual ribs
- Season ribs all over with five-spice powder.
- Combine hoisin, honey, soy sauce, and sherry in a small bowl. Place ribs in a large resealable bag, add in sauce, and toss until evenly coated. Place bag in refrigerator and marinate overnight.
- Light a chimney 3/4 full of charcoal. When all the charcoal is lit and covered with gray ash, pour out and arrange the coals on one side of the charcoal grate. Set cooking grate in place, cover grill and allow to preheat for 5 minutes. Clean and oil the grilling grate. Place the ribs on cool side of the grill, reserving marinade. Cover and cook ribs for 30 minutes. Brush ribs all over with reserved marinade, cover, and cook an additional 30 minutes.
- Brush again with reserved marinade and move ribs directly over the coals. Grill until ribs are glazed, and sticky, about 5 to 10 minutes. Remove from grill, let rest for 5 minutes, and serve.
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Katie Great post. Thanks for sharing.
Max You say to "pour out and spread the coals evenly over entire surface of charcoal grate" and then you say, "Place the ribs on cool side of the grill." With the coals evenly spread, there is no cool side.
I'm going to assume (based on the instructions in the rest of the recipe) that you want the coals piled on one side of the charcoal grate to create a 2-zone fire.
Chris You mentioning pu pu platters took me back to my youth because that was my favorite part of going to the Silver Dragon, owned by some friends of ours. I can't tell you a single entree that I ever got from there but I always loved splitting the pu pu platter as an appetizer. I look forward to giving these a try. Always wondered how they got them so bright red.
Josh @Max Thanks for pointing that out, it's fixed in the recipe now. I copy and paste those coal arrangement lines a lot and sometimes miss when I mess it up since it's so familiar.
Lenny and Carl I made for some people today and everyone at the table unanimously declared these the best ribs they have ever had- BBQ, smoked, jerk, braised, Chinese, whatever. I even made them with a gas grill on low for 60 mins- turning and basting throughout . They were so Carmelized and tasty by the end- meat candy.
Josh @Lenny and Carl Glad to hear they turned out for you!