Smoked Chicken with Alabama White Barbecue Sauce
Believe or not, before I started grilling, my diet consisted of almost entirely chicken, pizza, and ham (ok, throw some Hot Pockets in there for good measure). I grew up pretty food adverse—that guy who needed a restaurant with some form of fried chicken on the menu in order to eat. It was grilling that got me out of that shell, but my early years of cooking still veered heavily on the familiar. That meant a lot of chicken, and smoked chicken with a white barbecue sauce was one of those things I found comfort in. While the eater I was wouldn't recognize the eater I have become, I still find myself back at where I started from time to time, but luckily the years of experience have also made those blasts from the past all the better.
I first made this smoked chicken from a recipe out of my most beloved cookbook, Peace, Love, and Barbecue. It's a rather simple process of slow smoking a bird, then "baptizing" it in a bucket of white barbecue sauce. This is a staple of Northern Alabama—where white barbecue sauce was invented by Robert Gibson at Big Bob Gibson's Bar-B-Q in Decatur. Now I don't argue they have their process down to perfection, but over the years I've adjusted my smoked chicken recipe to get what I consider even better results for the backyard.
First, a butterflied or halved bird is set in a brine. Not content with the standard salt water mixture, I've come up with an apple juice-based brine that adds not only moisture, but flavor to the chicken as well. Although laden with sugar from the juice, brown sugar, and molasses, the brined bird picks up just hints of sweetness that makes a big difference in the end.
After brined, the bird is patted dry and covered with a barbecue rub. I used my new "secret" Meatwave rub, but any of your favorites will do just fine. In all honesty, I actually meant not to rub down these birds, but a rub is so second nature that it wasn't until I had the chicken coated that I realized my error, which ended up being more of blessing.
My biggest gripe with barbecue chicken is that I don't think low-and-slow is the best cooking method. Unlike pork shoulder, ribs, or brisket, which all have a lot of connective tissue and fat that requires low temperature to properly break down, chicken is comparatively lean and doesn't benefit in a long and low cook in the same way. On top of that, low temperature and increased exposure to smoke has almost always resulted in flabby, slightly rubbery skin and overly smokey meat. So instead, I like to pump up the temperature and scale back the smoke, cooking over indirect heat on a medium-hot grill with just a chunk of a light smoking wood, like apple or cherry. With this, I get the great combo of juicy meat, slightly crisp skin, and just enough smoke to impart flavor, but not overpower the delicate meat.
Really, a bird cooked this way is good enough right off the grill, but if you haven't tried it with white barbecue sauce, you're doing yourself a disservice.
Unlike tomato based sauces, which sit on top of the skin, a white sauce— primarily a mixture of mayonnaise, vinegar, salt, and pepper—soaks into the skin and meat, deeply embedding it's tangy character into the chicken.
Admittedly, a finishing with white sauce may not leave the most attractive of birds, but it does create one of the tastiest. All the flavors worked through in this process come together into one fantastic piece of chicken. The brine creates a juicy and slightly sweet meat, which is contrasted with the spiciness of the rub and the ubiquitous barbecue tang delivered by the final brushing of white sauce. When cooking up these birds, I also had some practice competition thighs going, and there was unanimous preference for the white sauce chicken against the more standard red sauced thighs (both were done with the same brine and rub). While the red sauce may have reminded me more of the foods I once limited myself to eating, the white sauce combined part of that old comfort with my expanded palate to form a chicken that I know is something very special.
Smoked Chicken with Alabama White Barbecue Sauce
- Yield 4 servings
- Prep 30 Minutes
- Inactive 1 Hour 30 Minutes
- Cook 45 Minutes
- Total 2 Hours 45 Minutes
- For the Sauce
- 2 cups mayonnaise
- 1 cup apple cider vinegar
- 1/2 cup apple juice
- 2 teaspoons prepared horseradish
- 2 teaspoons freshly ground black pepper
- 2 teaspoons freshly squeezed juice from 1 lemon
- 1 teaspoon Kosher salt
- 1/2 teaspoon mustard powder
- 1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper
- For the Brine
- 1 quart apple juice
- 1 quart water
- 1/2 cup kosher salt
- 1/4 cup brown sugar
- 2 tablespoons molasses
- 1 whole chicken, butterflied or halved
- 1/4 cup of your favorite barbecue rub
- 1 medium sized chunk of light smoking wood, such as apple or cherry
- To make the sauce: Place mayonnaise, vinegar, apple juice, horseradish, black pepper, lemon juice, salt, mustard powder, and cayenne pepper in a medium bowl and whisk to combine. Transfer to a jar and store in refrigerator until ready to use.
- To make the brine: Whisk together apple juice, water, salt, brown sugar, and molasses until solids have dissolved. Submerge chicken in brine, breast side down, and place in refrigerator for 1 1/2 hours.
- Remove chicken from brine and pat dry with paper towels. Season both sides of chicken liberally with barbecue rub.
- Light a chimney 3/4 full of charcoal. When all the charcoal is lit and covered with gray ash, pour out and arrange the coals on one side of the charcoal grate. Place wood chunk directly on top of coals. Set cooking grate in place, cover grill and allow to preheat for 5 minutes. Clean and oil the grilling grate. Place chicken, skin side up, on cool side of grill and cover. Cook, maintaining a temperature around 350 degrees, until breast meat registers 155 degrees and thigh meat registers 160 degrees on an instant read thermometer inserted in thickest part of meat, 30 to 45 minutes.
- Brush chicken liberally with white barbecue sauce. Transfer to cutting board and let rest for 10 minutes. Cut chicken into quarters, and serve.
White barbecue recipe adapte from Big Bob Gibson's BBQ Book by Chris Lilly
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Brian Meagher You make some excellent points on an old topic, Joshua. Especially the slow smoking vs. indirect medium heat for chicken. I will be trying your techniques next time. Avoiding rubber skin and too much smoke (I'm so guilty) is a goal.
When I first tried the Big Bob's White BBQ sauce I too used the same recipes from both Peace, Love and the BBG's book. (I prefered Lilly's version - the wife, neither one - can't get her to come around to the 'Bama white sauce).
Brining chicken (or turkey for that matter) is a great flavor enhancing technique as well as adding moisture. I love your brine - rub - dunk method. I will be trying this very soon. Thanks for a great post with great pics and insightful guidance!
Brian from HotSauceDaily.com
Chris One of my favorite chicken recipes ever, I love the BBG chicken. This sauce also works good as a grilling sauce for chicken.
Brian Meagher I've not tried it as a grilling sauce yet. Just a "dunk" as per the instructions... but what the heck. I'll try it! Thanks Chris.
Glenn Coleman I make Glenn's Gourmet Goodies White BBQ Sauce. We are the reason people use the term white "BBQ" sauce instead of just White Sauce. Our sauce has no sugar, carbs, gluten, MSG, preservatives, nor egg and are low sodium. They will not burn on the grill as there is no sugar or tomato. These are TRUE bbq sauces because you can marinate, baste and grill without worry. There is so much that you can do with our sauces. We have not had mayo in our house in 8 years. Enjoy!
Duayne My first time on this site and I'm loving what I'm seeing. I'm a former Missouri boy now in suburban NY, but love grilling old-school in my backyard. Anyway, I've never had white BBQ sauce, but have always been curious, so this will be the first recipe I try from your excellent website. Oh, and to go with it, the grilled brussel sprouts with bacon and shallots. Oh yeah!
Tom This is my first comment on this site. I'm from California and have been grilling and smoking most of my life. I recently heard mention of Alabama white sauce so in my search for what it was I ran across this recipe. The sauce is made and in the fridg. Normally I tweek all recipes but this one worked for me as is. We'll see how the whole thing comes together. Thanks for the tips. Now I must go light the fire.
Priyanka I make Glenn's Gourmet Goodies White BBQ Sauce. We are the reason people use the term white "BBQ" sauce instead of just White Sauce.
Dan Schaefer I made your Smoked Chicken with Alabama White Sauce recipe last night and it was a huge hit. I also appreciate your comments about the cooking temp as I have had rubbery skin chicken in the past from cooking too low.
Josh @Dan Schaefer So glad to hear this worked out well for you.