Gai Yang (Thai Grilled Chicken)
It's safe to say that I know my way around cooking chicken pretty damn well. Long gone are days of dry, overcooked chicken breasts—I have my technique down well enough that I don't think I've turned out a bird that wasn't juicy and moist for a long time. Still, chicken has fallen to the wayside in my normal rotation because, given everything else there is to cook, chicken kinda pales in comparison (unless it's fried, of course). So when I do decide to grill up a bird, I'm usually in search of a recipe that will inject a ton of seasoning to make up for its rather drab flavor, and that's what I saw in this one for Gai Yang—Thai Grilled Chicken.
I made this during a Thai-themed Meatwave I hosted over the summer, which meant I had most of the ingredients on hand already, another reason this recipe from J. Kenji López-Alt stood out to me. The marinade consisted of lemongrass, garlic, cilantro, palm sugar, black pepper, coriander, fish sauce, and dark soy sauce.
I pulsed all of these together in a food processor until a thick paste formed. I wanted to keep the ingredients coarsely chopped to mimic the result I may have gotten if using the more traditional mortar and pestle.
One more feature of this recipe that attracted me was the requirement to skewer the chicken halves lengthwise through the leg and breast, a distinct procedure I had yet to try. This is to make for a more stable, and easier to handle chicken on the grill. Now I haven't had much problems flipping chicken halves in the past, but it does require getting the tongs securely under the thigh and breast simultaneously for success, so the skewers just eliminates that margin for error, plus make for cooler presentation overall in my opinion.
Once skewered, I placed the chicken halves in a large container and used my hands to rub on the marinade all over. I then covered them, placed in the fridge, and let the chicken marinate overnight, but just a couple hours will do if you're short on time.
I wavered on whether to make the sauce that accompanied the original recipe since I already had a couple Thai sauces on hand that I thought would serve this chicken well. But again, it required no new ingredients for me and only a few minutes of work, so I decided to whip up a batch. This simple dipping sauce was composed of palm sugar, fish sauce, vinegar, Thai chilies, lime juice, and garlic to make a sweet, spicy, and super savory concoction.
The key to perfectly chicken on the grill is really about method and vigilance. First, to avoid the oft common uneven cooking, which in turn leads to overcooking, I employ the two-zone method, where all the coals are on one side of the charcoal grate and the chicken is placed on the cool side of the grill, covered, and roasted. This indirect heat is more even and less intense, leading to overall better cooking. Positioning the chicken with the legs and thighs facing the fires also helps since those pieces are less prone to drying out than the breasts.
As this chicken roasted, I brushed on some of the marinade that remained in the container to further intensify the flavor and develop better color. After roasting for 15-20 minutes, the vigilant part came in—I began measuring the internal temperature of the breast consistently, waiting for it to reach 145°F.
This was 5-10°F shy of my final desired internal temp, which the chicken picked up after I flipped the halves over and moved them to direct heat in order to crisp the skin. It only took a few minutes for the skin to get a little crispness and charring, at which point I double checked I was above 150°F in the breasts.
I took a quick snap of the finished chicken on the grill before transferring it to a cutting board, and boy did it look pretty with its golden brown color, bits of charred marinade, and the attractive skewers running through it. After a five minute rest, all that was left to do was remove the skewers and cut each half into individual pieces and serve.
In an attempt to find a flavor packed chicken recipe, this certainly delivered. The skin had an overall salty and savory quality with intense pockets of garlicky, lemony, and peppery bits that went a long way to adding depth to the juicy meat. Still, in an overly meaty bite, I could imagine being underwhelmed, but this is where that dipping sauce did its magic by amping up the flavor ten fold. As I look back at this and other chicken recipes I've done recently, I don't see one that didn't end in something incredibly tasty, making me think I should stop shunning grilled chicken as much as I do now and instead embrace everything that is great about it, this recipe being perfect proof of that.
Gai Yang (Thai Grilled Chicken)
- Yield 4 servings
- Prep 20 Minutes
- Inactive 2 Hours
- Cook 50 Minutes
- Total 3 Hours 10 Minutes
- For the Dipping Sauce
- 1/2 cup palm or light brown sugar
- 1/4 cup fish sauce
- 1/4 cup rice vinegar
- 6-10 Thai bird chilies, finely minced
- 2 tablespoons fresh lime juice
- 4 teaspoons finely minced garlic (about 4 medium cloves)
- For the Chicken
- 6-inch segment of lemongrass, finely chopped
- 6 medium cloves garlic
- 1/3 cup tightly packed roughly chopped cilantro
- 3 tablespoons palm or light brown sugar
- 2 teaspoons coarsely ground black pepper
- 1 teaspoon coarsely ground coriander
- 2 tablespoons fish sauce
- 1 tablespoon dark soy sauce
- 1 whole chicken, spine removed, split in half along the breastbone
- 4 metal or bamboo skewers
- To make the dipping sauce: Whisk together sugar, fish sauce, vinegar, chilies, lime juice, and garlic in a small bowl until sugar has dissolved. Transfer sauce to an airtight container and store in refrigerator until ready to serve.
- To make the chicken: Place lemongrass, garlic, cilantro, sugar, black pepper, coriander, fish sauce, and soy sauce in the workbowl of a food processor fitted with a steel blade. Pulse until cilantro and garlic and roughly chopped and a thick paste forms
- Place chicken halves, skin side up, on a cutting board and run two skewers parallel to each other through the legs and the breasts of each piece. Transfer chicken to a container and spoon on marinade. Using hands, rub marinade over all surfaces of the chicken. Cover container and transfer to refrigerator. Allow chicken to marinate 2 hours to overnight.
- Light one chimney full of charcoal. When all the charcoal is lit and covered with gray ash, pour out and arrange the coals on one side of the charcoal grate. Set cooking grate in place, cover grill and allow to preheat for 5 minutes. Clean and oil the grilling grate. Place chicken halves on cool side of grill, cover, and cook, brushing chicken occasionally with excess marinade, until an instant read thermometer reads 145°F when inserted into the thickest part of the breast, about 45 minutes.
- Flip chicken over and move to hot side of the grill. Cook until skin crisps and lightly chars, but does not burn. Flip chicken over and move too cool side of grill. Insert an instant read thermometer into thickest part of brest and if temperature reads less than 150°F cover grill and continue to cook until chicken reaches temperature. Once at 150°F, transfer chicken to a cutting board and let rest for 5 minutes.
- Cut chicken into individual pieces and serve immediately with dipping sauce.
Adapted from J. Kenji López-Alt
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Mark O'Brien Just put this one in the fridge for an overnight marinade and got the recipe from Serious eats, my go to food site by a long shot. I've made Andy Ricker's 'Kai Yaang' whole roasted young chicken (from his book Pok Pok which I love and have made over 20 recipes from), which despite the similar name is MUCH more labor intensive than most versions, but is just amazing.
BTW, the original recipe here uses white, not black pepper, which is much more Southeast Asian and has a very distinct flavor profile.
BirditaF I make this with two big differences. I use Cornish hens, and cook them in a smoker. The flavor is beyond amazing!